Role: Lead author
This paper provides a brief overview of the possibilities for calculating and reporting a company’s positive contributions to societal emissions reductions.
Over the last few years, discussions and strategies have shifted from an exclusive focus on big emitters and the need to reduce emissions by improving existing systems, to also focus on providers of low-carbon solutions and transformative change whereby services are provided in totally new ways (such as modal shifts and dematerialization).
As a consequence the need for new reporting that can capture contributions from companies that provide solutions has emerged. The terminology is still under development, and the concepts are working names that have been used in the discussion related to the GHG-protocol and other systems for calculating emission reductions:
Total emissions approach: A focus on the total impact, both posi- tive and negative
Climate Positive: A company that helps reduce more emissions in society than it emits over the whole value chain, Scope 1-3
Low-carbon market opportunities: The emissions that a company can contribute to reducing in society through the use of the products/ services and that are outside Scope 1-3